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Instructor: Mr. Pachos   

Email: mpachos@flboe.com
Phone Contact: Dial the main number 201-585-4640: ext. 3629

Content Areas
Science - Weather and Water

The FOSS Weather and Water Course focuses on Earth’s atmosphere, weather, and water. Students will delve into topics that may seem unrelated to weather, including a good dose of physics and a bit of chemistry. A good understanding of meteorology as an earth science isn’t complete without an introduction to concepts that cross into these disciplines.

Understanding weather is more than reading data from a weather center. Students need to grapple with ideas about atoms and molecules, changes of state, and heat transfer before they can launch into the bigger ideas involving air masses and fronts, convection cells and winds, and the development of severe weather.

Earth’s atmosphere is composed of a variety of gases, with nitrogen and oxygen the most abundant. But Earth wouldn’t be the same if it weren’t for one keystone gas, water vapor, a relatively small and variable component of the atmosphere. Without water vapor and its liquid and solid forms, both on the surface and in the atmosphere, there would be no weather. There would be neither clouds nor precipitation. If precipitation didn’t occur, we wouldn’t have runoff to create the streams and rivers that erode mountains, deposit deltas, and replenish lakes and oceans. An atmosphere without water vapor would be an alien and hostile place. The importance of water on Earth is a major element of this course

Reading - Bud, Not Buddy

Bud Not Buddy Review

conscience a sense of right and wrong conduct
puny . inferior in size; weak
shun to avoid or scorn
acquaintance to know on an impersonal basis
scamp mischievous youngster
sully to soil or stain; to destroy the cleanness
ornery uncooperative and stubborn
boisterous to be noisy in a cheerful way; rowdy
glum low in spirits; sad or dejected
vermin small, destructive animals or insects
kin to be related or family
fester generating pus; becoming bitter and resentful
commence to come into being; to begin
brute relating to beasts; like that of a beast
alias a fake name; otherwise called by this name
raggedy tattered and worn
ilk type or kind
gait a manner of walking, stepping, or running
ingratitude lack of thankfulness
bawling crying loudly in pain or annoyance; howl

Be prepared to identify and support two main themes in the story.

Students will read Bud, Not Buddy by Christopher Paul. Curtis. As they read this text, they will learn how to closely examine characters and analyze their development over time. Students will also learn to identify themes, characteristics of historical fiction, and conduct short research projects to build background knowledge of the text’s setting.

Essential questions to be considered throughout the unit:

  • How do characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution?
  • How do circumstances shape one’s character?
  • What can we learn about history by reading fictional stories?
Culminating Essay

Character Analysis Essay – Write a five paragraph essay describing Bud’s development from the beginning of the story to the end. What were the causes/events of the change? Identify 3-4 significant events in the novel that reflect a turning point for Bud. Be sure to discuss how the relationships he had

Social Studies - The Ancient Israelites

The First Israelites

The 12 tribes of Israel in the land of Canaan traced their ancestry to Abraham. The Israelites believed in one God.

The Kingdom of Israel

Under David and Solomon, the people of Israel built a powerful kingdom with a new capital in Jerusalem.

The Growth of Judaism

The Jews continued to keep their religion even though other people ruled them. They settled in many places in Asia, Europe, and Africa.

Chapter 3 Section 3 Notes - To be completed tomorrow in class.

Chapter 3 Section 3
The Growth of Judaism

Objectives - By the end of this lesson, all students should be able to -

Describe and value the Jewish people's continuation of their religion during their exile in Babylon.

Explain how the Jews spread their beliefs to the Greek world and analyze its importance.

Assess the importance of religion in the shaping of the Jewish way of life.

Key vocabulary

exile - a period of forced absence from one's country or home.

Sabbath - weekly day of worship and rest for Jews.

synagogue - Jewish house of worship.

Diaspora- the scattering of communities of Jews outside their homeland after Babylonian captivity.

messiah - in Judaism, a deliverer sent by God.

rabbi- Jewish leader and teacher of the Torah.
Section 3
What important developments occurred when the Israelites were exiled to Babylon?

First, the Israelites became what we call Jews.

Jews began to meet while in Babylon during the Sabbath - weekly day of worship starting after sundown Friday to sundown Saturday.

Meetings took place in synagogues, or Jewish house of worship.

Question: Other than a religious meeting place, what made the synagogue important during this time? Explain.

It allowed the Jews to gather together and keep their community strong and hopeful.
Why Did Jews Return to Judah?

Who allowed the Jews to return to Judah?
Cyrus, the Persian King, in 538 B.C.

What did they do upon their return?
They rebuilt the temple in Jerusalem.

Cyrus appointed officials to rule the country and did not allow the people to have an independent government or king. Why? Make an inference using prior events in Jewish history.

The Jews had revolted twice under Chaldean rule. Cyrus chose to avoid the danger of another revolt, so a government was not allowed.
Instead of a king, who led the Jews during this time?
They relied on their religious leaders.

Why was Ezra an important part of Jewish history?
He was a scribe who wrote five books of the Torah on parchment.

They were sewn together and later writings made up the Hebrew Bible.
If someone said, "The Hebrew Bible is just one large text," would they be correct?

No, it is a series of books collected together.

Can you identify some the parts that make it up?
1. The Torah
2. The Prophets
3. the Writings

Other books in the Hebrew Bible include law, prophecy, poetry, and proverbs.
Genesis is the first book of the Torah
The Root Gene means ---- the origin or creation.

As a result, we can connect the root to the stories- What does Genesis focus on?

The story of the first humans.
Also, the story of Noah and his ark. A great flood covered the land and only Noah and the animals on the ark survived. After this event, God promised to never again destroy the world again with a flood.
Genesis also contains the story of Babel, which explains the birth of the different languages.

According the Hebrew Bible, why did different languages occur?

God was displeased when people of Babel built a tower to heaven. He scattered them with these new languages as punishment.

Jews Look to the future
Parts of the Hebrew Bible describe God's plan for a peaceful future.

What happened to Daniel?
Due to his refusal to worship the Babylonian gods, he was thrown to the lions. However, God protected him.

What message was it meant to demonstrate?
The Jews understood this was a reminder that God would rescue them.

Discussion Topics
No "Contacts" exist(s)
No "Homework" exist(s)

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